Monday, March 06, 2006
Upper Arm Circle
Not only when the pitcher breaks their hands is a point of contention, but how they do it is also questionable. Some say that a pitcher should lift their arm up, while others say the pitcher should swing their pitching arm back. While looking at video, pictures, and research I have concluded that the arm swing is the best approach for pitchers wanting to reach maximum velocity, stay healthy, and maintain durability.
The arm swing of the pitcher begins after the ball is taken out of the glove. The ball should be taken out of the glove low, giving the arm an adequate distance to gain momentum. After hand break, the pitcher must point their glove hand at the target. Thus, ensuring the glove shoulder points directly at the target at all times. The elbow should initially travel back towards 1st base. When the ball, held in the pitchers hand, achieves a straight-line starting with home plate, pitchers throwing hip, and second base the pitcher will forcefully turn their hips and shoulders toward the target.
Posted on this page are three different pictures of pitchers that practice a true upper arm circle. First, notice the picture of Tom Glavine after the hand break. His elbows first movement is back and then up. The ball never reverse rotates behind his body, instead it stops it a straight line with home plate, his body, and second base.
Observe the picture of Nolan Ryan. He is in a position similar to Glavine, staying in a straight line with the target. In the picture, Ryan takes the ball out low, out of the hand break. His elbow swings back and then up creating speed toward the target. Since Ryan takes the ball out low he has more distance to gain arm speed, thus releasing a pitch with more velocity and maintaining a healthy arm.
Finally, posted on this page is a picture of Roger Clemens. In the picture, Clemens has just finished the hand break. Again, notice how low he takes the ball out. If his arms were on a clock dial, Clemens would break his hands at a 6 oclock position and move his arm through the 7, 8, 9, and 10 positions before the release.
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